# SoRandom

#### Writeup by Valar_Dragon

• Cryptography
• 75 points
• We found sorandom.py running at shell2017.picoctf.com:33123. It seems to be outputting the flag but randomizing all the characters first. Is there anyway to get back the original flag?

Lets start by looking at sorandom.py!

import random,string

encflag = ""
random.seed("random")
for c in flag:
if c.islower():
#rotate number around alphabet a random amount
encflag += chr((ord(c)-ord('a')+random.randrange(0,26))%26 + ord('a'))
elif c.isupper():
encflag += chr((ord(c)-ord('A')+random.randrange(0,26))%26 + ord('A'))
elif c.isdigit():
encflag += chr((ord(c)-ord('0')+random.randrange(0,10))%10 + ord('0'))
else:
encflag += c
print "Unguessably Randomized Flag: "+encflag


We are actually given the seed for the RNG, so the sequence of random numbers isn't actually random. So we just need to reverse the encflag, by subtracting the random number instead of adding it. Connecting to the server a couple times, you see that the encflag being returned is the same everytime, further evidence of the same seed being used.

$nc shell2017.picoctf.com 33123 Unguessably Randomized Flag: BNZQ:2m8807395d9os2156v70qu84sy1w2i6e  So making a solver that repeats the code of sorandom.py, except with subtracting the random number, and using encflag instead of flag, we get: $ python solver.py
FLAG:9b6098160b2ca5139c83fe29fd7c9e5d


Which is our flag!